2016June

New Elements

Posted by Laura Johnston Illustration 2016

 

CRISPR  - Petite Graphics

 

 

Nihonium - Petite Graphics Nihonium

Atomic number 113

  • Discoverers at RIKEN Nishina Center for Accelerator-Based Science in Japan
  • Element 113 is the first element to have been discovered in an Asian country

Moscovium - Petite Graphics Moscovium

Atomic number 115

  • Named in honor of the Russian capital
  • Element 117 was first synthesized by a joint team of Russian and American scientists at the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research in Russia

Tennessine - Petite Graphics Tennessine

Atomic number 117

  • Element 117 recognizes the contribution of the Tennessee region in USA

Oganesson - Petite Graphics Oganesson

Atomic number 118

  • Element 117 honors the scientist Professor Yuri Oganessian for his pioneering contributions to transactinoid elements research

Naming Process

According to International Union of Pure and Applied Chemisty newly discovered elements can be named after:
I. A mythological concept or character (including an astronomical object),
II. a mineral or similar substance,
III. a place, or geographical region,
IV. a property of the element, or
V. a scientist.

We will find out after November 8, 2016 if the new names are adopted.
*Electron configuration - predicted

I first heard about the new elements while listening to a CBC radio program while driving to pick up one of my munchkins. What really stuck in my mind was how animated one of the individual was about the naming process.

Understanding how it is done

Added Oct, 2016

Nitty Gritty

Making some new stuff!

Atoms
atoms
Building Blocks
Atoms - what we think of as the building blocks of all physical things around us. They are the tiniest unit which matter can be divided and maintaining its properties of a chemical element
SUBATOMIC PARTICLES
Subatomic
Bits
Under normal circumstances, atoms are made of electrons (negative charge), protons (positive charge) & neutrons (neutral charge). It`s impressive that we know the subatomic composition of these atoms, however there is more!
ELEMENTARY PARTICLES
Elementary Particles
FUNDAMENTAL PARTICLES
Electrons, protons, and neutrons are comprised of smaller particles called elementary particles or also referred to as fundamental particles. Fundamental particles are broken up into two groups, fermions and bosons. Fermions are particle are what make up matter. Bosons are particles that bring the other particles together - the force

New Elements

How they make it happen

Most new elements are created today by smashing particles, electrons or protons into atoms or into each other

Atoms collision

Detectors look at what particles and radiation are produced upon/after the collision.

The Results

Creation of Tennesine

Cyclotron - smash together two elements at very high speed

Atoms collision

Both needed to be created in a laboratory since neither occur naturally in nature

Atoms Smashing

Different products result from collision, one being Ununseptium, element 117

Creating new particles, such as element 117 are not uncommon when colliding particles. However, to repeat and confirm such findings can take years of countless hours of research.

Resulting molecule

Ununseptium, element 117 will more than likey be named Tennessine (Ts)

Above images are similar to ones I placed on Behance.

References
  • http://iupac.org/iupac-is-naming-the-four-new-elements-nihonium-moscovium-tennessine-and-oganesson/
  • http://in.rbth.com/economics/technology/2015/08/25/element-115-in-moscows-name_392319
  • http://learningenglish.voanews.com/a/periodic-table-adds/3370871.html
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ununpentium
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ununtrium
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ununoctium
  • http://education.jlab.org/
  • http://www.rsc.org/periodic-table/element/117/ununseptium
  • https://student.societyforscience.org/article/newest-superheavy-town
  • http://www.sci-news.com/physics/science-ununseptium-element117-01900.html
  • http://www.energy.gov/articles/how-particle-accelerators-work
  • http://chemistry.about.com/od/elementfaqs/f/discoverelement.htm
  • http://particleadventure.org/event.html